Showing posts from October, 2013

Recount texts

A recount text tells us about things that have happened.  Key features of this type of texts: It recounts - tells story of someone or something. It depicts past events.   The style of the informative texts:It it written in the past tense.  It uses descriptive, story-like style, although it is factual.

Argument texts

An argument text, as a persuasive text, gives a point of view on an issue, but it gives more than one point of view, presenting a balanced argument so that the reader can make up his or her own mind. An argument text is very similar to a persuasive text, but it does not try to persuade us to believe in one point of view. The author sometimes presents his or her opinions on the subject at the end of a text. Key features of this type of texts: It discusses an issue giving all points of view. It includes facts and opinions.  The style of the informative texts:It often uses formal and impersonal style to seem balanced.It uses connectives to to connect points. (However, but, similarly…)

Explanatory texts

An explanatory text has a lot in common with an informative text. They explain things in more details, telling the reader why and how something works or happens.Key features of this type of texts: It explains the subject and helps understand it more.It may use diagrams, maps, pictures, photographs, etc.It contains headings and subheadings to divide the text into chunks that are easy to understand. Text is divided into steps to describe a process, using paragraphs, bullets or numbered points. I uses technical terms related to the topic. The style of the informative texts:It is impersonal.It uses precise words and sentences in a clear, informative tone. It normally uses the present tense. It uses connecting words to show how or why something happens. (first, next, later…)It uses different font styles, sizes and colours to help pick out important words. It uses conjunctions to show the steps of the process. (therefore, because, as a result of…)

Informative texts

An informative text wants to advise or tell you about something, in short, it informs you. Key features of this type of texts:It contains facts. It provides clear information about the subject, introducing the subject and developing it. It organises and links information clearly, often using subheadings, short paragraphs, diagrams, maps, etc.The style of the informative texts:It is written in the third person.It normally uses the present tense. It avoids repetition.

Descriptive texts

A descriptive text is written to show you a picture of what is describing, imagine or see something. Key features of this type of texts:Fiction texts are written mainly to entertain the reader.It appeals to five senses – things you can see, hear, touch, taste and smell. It combines facts and opinions of the writer. It is usually based on a story and there are characters.The style of the persuasive texts:It is written in the first or third person.It uses descriptive language to help the reader picture the topic (adjectives and adverbs). It uses mostly the past tense. It uses figurative language (metaphors, similes, personifications etc.).The sentences varied in their structures to keep the reader interested in reading. The language varies depending on the speaker’s social background.The punctuation marks play the vital role in understanding the text.

Instructive texts

An instructive text is written to tell you how to do something. Key features of this type of texts:It is ordered with a kind of list, telling step by step what to do. It addresses the reader directly, though a word ‘you’ is not normally used. It contains diagrams and pictures to help understanding. The style of the instructive texts:It uses imperative words.It uses the simple language and unnecessary words are taken out. It uses the present tense. It is impersonal. It contains words like must and must not.

Persuasive texts

A persuasive text is written to persuade you to do something like to buy a car or give money to charity; or to agree with the author’s point of view on the subject. Key features of this type of texts:It appeals to the reader’s feelings.It contains a mix of facts and opinions.It influences the reader with an emotionally one sided argument. It gives reasons to make the reader want to do something.The style of the persuasive texts:It uses different type of print to make ideas stand out, like: bold, colours, capitals or italics.It uses lots of persuasive words, like adjectives and seems to speak directly to the reader by using imperative words. It uses many repeated words.It usesrhetorical questions. It contains exclamation marks.It contains humour.

Types of text

In general, we categorise texts as fiction and non-fiction or formal and informal writing. Fiction works are based on imagination and non-fiction on facts.
Typical types of fiction are: prose, drama and poetry. Key features:
It tries to entertain the reader. It is often based on a story. It uses descriptive words, mostly adjectives and adverbs. It uses pictures or depicts a scene to engross the reader in a story. Types of texts
There are seven different types of texts, depends on the aim its author has or the purpose it was written for.
Persuasive texts Instructive texts Informative texts Descriptive texts Explanatory texts Argument texts Entertain texts Recount texts

Identifying the main verb and the subject in a sentence

To understand a sentence and its structure you have to find the main verb (a verb string or a compound verb) telling us what happens. Ask a question WHAT?
The answer depends on the tense of the verb - present, past or future; perfect tense, active and passive voice as well as the kind of a verb: static or active.
My friend David, with his family, spent the holiday in Spain.
Ask what? Answer: spent.
When we ask who or what ‘spent’, the answer is David – a subject of the sentence.
We have to remember that a verb in a gerund form without an auxiliary, in other words, a participle without auxiliaries does not work as a verb. Also a verb with TO in front, an infinitive, plays a non-verb role in the sentence.
To read at night, Ineed a good lamp.
A phrase ‘to read’ does not play a verb role here, the main verb is NEED (who?) I need, so the subject is I.
Reading a good book can make me forget about the whole world.
In the sentence above we have several verbs (all in bold), but the main verb is…