An explanatory text has a lot in common with an informative text. They explain things in more details, telling the reader why and how something works or happens.
Key features of this type of texts:
- It explains the subject and helps understand it more.
- It may use diagrams, maps, pictures, photographs, etc.
- It contains headings and subheadings to divide the text into chunks that are easy to understand.
- Text is divided into steps to describe a process, using paragraphs, bullets or numbered points.
- I uses technical terms related to the topic.
The style of the informative texts:
- It is impersonal.
- It uses precise words and sentences in a clear, informative tone.
- It normally uses the present tense.
- It uses connecting words to show how or why something happens. (first, next, later…)
- It uses different font styles, sizes and colours to help pick out important words.
- It uses conjunctions to show the steps of the process. (therefore, because, as a result of…)