Correlative conjunctions, also called two words conjunctions or paired conjunctions, may link words, phrases and clauses. Here are the most common pairs.
- As / as
- Both / and
- Either / or
- Hardly / when
- If / then
- Just as / so
- Neither / nor
- Not only / but also
- No sooner / than
- Not / but
- Rather / than
- Scarcely / when
- What with / and
- Whether / or
Correlative conjunctions create parallel structures which must agree grammatically. They may connect: nouns, adjective, phrases and independent clauses.
- I like both cats and dogs.
- Both France and Germany agreed to the treaty.
- Both John and Peter are teachers.
- Theresa reads both romance and fantasy books.
- They were both kind, nice and cheerful.
- Life is not easy but difficult.
- In her life, Theresa was not only successful but also happy.
Connecting prepositional phrases:
- I will go for a holiday either in June or in July.
- He worked hard the whole life neither for fame nor for money.
- Our children want neither to go for a stroll nor to stay home.
Connecting independent clauses:
- Either I will read a book, or I will go for a walk in the park.
- Stella likes both going to the cinema, and cooking dinner for her family.
- If it is raining tomorrow, then I will stay home.
More about correlative conjunctions and independent clauses in the next post.