Correlative conjunctions

Correlative conjunctions, also called two words conjunctions or paired conjunctions, may link words, phrases and clauses. Here are the most common pairs.
  • As / as
  • Both / and
  • Either / or
  • Hardly / when
  • If / then
  • Just as / so
  • Neither / nor
  • Not only / but also
  • No sooner / than
  • Not / but
  • Rather / than
  • Scarcely / when
  • What with / and
  • Whether / or
Correlative conjunctions create parallel structures which must agree grammatically. They may connect: nouns, adjective, phrases and independent clauses. 

Connecting nouns:
  • I like both cats and dogs. 
  • Both France and Germany agreed to the treaty. 
  • Both John and Peter are teachers. 

Connecting adjectives:
  • Theresa reads both romance and fantasy books. 
  • They were both kind, nice and cheerful. 
  • Life is not easy but difficult. 
  • In her life, Theresa was not only successful but also happy.

Connecting prepositional phrases:
  • I will go for a holiday either in June or in July. 
  • He worked hard the whole life neither for fame nor for money.
  • Our children want neither to go for a stroll nor to stay home. 
Connecting independent clauses:
  • Either I will read a book, or I will go for a walk in the park. 
  • Stella likes both going to the cinema, and cooking dinner for her family. 
  • If it is raining tomorrow, then I will stay home.
More about correlative conjunctions and independent clauses in the next post. 

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